Big Wild Goose Pagoda

The Big Wild Goose Pagoda in Da Ci’en Temple, Xi’an City, is a national AAAAA tourism attraction and the key protection unit of the nation.

The temple that houses Big Wild Goose Pagoda was originally built in the Sui Dynasty (581-618AD), being named Wu Lou Temple. In the Tang Dynasty (618-907AD), when Emperor Li Zhi, then still a crown prince, sponsored a repair on the temple in memory of his mother, Empress Wende. And he changed name of the temple to Da Ci’en Temple (the temple of thanksgiving). Since then Da Ci’en Temple became a royal temple in the Tang Dynasty. The first abbot of Da Ci’en Temple is Master Xuanzang, a famous literature, traveler and Buddhist translator. In the year 625AD, to hosts Buddhist sutras and relics he brought from Tian Zhu( the ancient India), Master Xuan Zang proposed to the court that a pagoda should be built . With the approval of the royal court, Master Xuan Zang designed and built the pagoda.


Big wild Goose Pagoda had five stories in the beginning, with bricks outside and earth full- filled inside. Later in Wu Zetian (the only female emperor in history of China) period, the pagoda was reconstructed and increased to ten stories. In the following years of upheavals, wins of war brought the pagoda almost into ruins. In the Five Dynasties Period, Big Wild Goose Pagoda was repaired once again and settled at seven stories with a height of 47 meters. And the modern pagoda was actually renovated during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644AD).

In the Tang Dynasty, having one’s name and poem inscribed on the pagoda was quite popular. Scholars passed the highest imperial examination would all ascend Big Wild Goose Pagoda to inscribe their names onto pagoda wall to indicate that he would have a soaring career in the future. That was regarded as one of the highest honors of literatures in that time.

Today, a grand music fountain square that covers an area of 350 0000 square meters is built at the foot of Big Wild Goose Pagoda. With music fountain and lighting as background, the pagoda looks magnificent.

Big Wild Goose Pagoda is not only a place of interest favored by tourist home and abroad, but also an ancient architecture of high historical value. The pagoda was initially built by following architectural style Indian Buddhist temple, with earth full-filling inside and bricks covered outside. Buddhist relics were kept on each style and it was not possible to climb the pagoda. As time went by, the pagoda were damaged and repaired or reconstructed from time to time, so the pagoda was endowed with more and more Chinese flavor. Finally, it was rebuilt into a brick building that takes a limber-imitating structure of much Chinese architectural characteristics. And now people will see it is a pavilion-like pagoda that visitors can go upstairs from inside. Big Wild goose pagoda is a typical material evidence to prove how Indian Buddhist architecture been brought into China and how it merged in Chinese culture step by step.

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In Jun. 2014, the 38th World Heritage Commission Meeting of the UNESCO was held in Doha, Qatar. During the meeting term, China, Kazakhstan, and Kyrghizstan succeeded in jointly applying the Silk Road for the List of World Heritage. As a historic site on the Silk Road, Big Wild Goose Pagoda was also listed into the World Heritage List.